Medicine is used to treat certain types of infertility in women.
Packet of medicine Clomid (clomiphene) tablets 50 mg
Serophene, Milophene, Clomhexal, Clostilbegyt, Dyneric, Pergotime, Phenate, Clofert, Clopreg, Fertomid, Ovipreg, Ovofar, Siphene.
Composition of Clomid
Clomid is an ovulatory, nonsteroidal and orally administered stimulant. Its molecular formula is C26H28ClNO • C6H8O7 with the molar mass of 598.09 g/mol. Clomiphene citrate is pale yellow to white in colour and is crystalline, odorless powder. It is soluble in ethanol, slightly soluble in water, acetone and chloroform, freely soluble in methanol and insoluble in ether. Each scored capsule consists of clomiphene citrate- 50 mg.
Uses of Clomid
Clomid is used to treat ovulatory dysfunction in women who wish to be pregnant. It works by triggering the rise in the level of the hormones which help growth of an egg and ovulation (release of mature egg).
How to Use Clomid
Clomid should be orally taken as instructed by the physician/doctor in order to get most of the benefits. It is necessary to follow the dosage carefully. The dosage prescribed by the doctor is according to your health condition and response to the drug. This medication is not prescribed for a long duration and the clomiphene therapy should not exceed 6 months. Usually the medicine is prescribed for 5 days- 50 mg per day.
Side-effects of Clomid
Bloating, stomach upset, flushing, pelvic/abdominal fullness, headache, dizziness or breast tenderness may occur. Inform your pharmacist/doctor instantly if you observe any of these unlikely yet severe side-effects
- Vision changes
- OHSS- Ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome
- Swelling/severe pain in pelvic area
- Rapid/sudden weight gain
- Variation in urine
- Swelling/pain/redness of chest, legs
- Irregular/fast heartbeat
- Trouble breathing
- Swelling/itching of tongue/throat/face
- Severe dizziness
- Rashes or dermatitis
- Increase in appetite
- Dryness in vagina
- High triglyceride level in blood
- Reversible baldness
- Liver inflammation
Clomid is contraindicated with people having allergy or hypersensitivity to clomid or to any if its components. Patients who have liver disorder or liver dysfunction in the past should not undergo the Clomid therapy. Inform the doctor about your medical history mainly of: unusual vaginal bleeding, enlarged ovaries or ovarian cysts, uncontrolled adrenal or thyroid gland problems or brain tumor. Use of clomid during pregnancy is also contraindicated as it does not provide any benefits to the pregnant women. According to some studies, use of clomid for more than a year may raise the chance of ovarian cancer. This may be only possible in those women who have never conceived or who do not become pregnant.
Clomid and Pregnancy
You may end up with multiple births (twins, triplets) if you consume clomid during pregnancy. These types of pregnancies may be big risks to both mother and infant. The excretion of the drug into the human milk is not yet known. Milk production may be reduced under the effect of clomiphene. Take doctor’s suggestion prior breast feeding.
An effective drug, clomid treats infertility in women.
You have to take Clomid only as per the doctor’s prescription. It can be taken with or without food. It has been seen that ovulation may occur five to ten days after the dosage. If you do not conceive even after three courses, you can stop taking Clomid.
It is better not to miss a single dosage and if a dose is missed, see the doctor immediately.
Clomid is known to cause vision disturbances and dizziness. One should not drive after using the drug. Clomid should not be taken along with alcohol and other medications. You also have the possibility of getting twins while taking the drug.
If allergic to some food or to some medicine or to some other substance or if you are taking other medicines, you have to tell the doctor.
If you are having depression, uterine fibroids, polycystic ovarian syndrome and endometriosis, you have to discuss with the doctor about the complications of using Clomid.
You have to avoid Clomid if you have a feeling to conceive soon. The drug should also be not taken when breast-feeding.
If you experience pelvic and stomach pain, weight gain and stomach enlargement after taking the drug, you have to immediately consult your physician. It is better to avoid the drug if you have abnormal bleeding in the vagina, blood vessel blockage in lungs, legs or other parts and ovarian cysts.
The physicians do not prescribe Clomid if one has thyroid and liver problems.