Advantages and Disadvantages of IUD

IUD is one of the most popular birth control measures. It is a little device that is fitted into the uterine cavity. The lower parts, i.e. the strings of the device hang down in the upper part of the vagina making it feasible for the woman to make sure that the device is on place. This birth control device can be removed when the woman wishes to get pregnant.

There are different kinds of IUD. One is progesterone hormone IUD while, the other one is copper IUD.

Both the kinds of IUDs come with their own set of pros and cons. It is always advisable to consult a doctor before making any decision to ensue if the particular IUD is the best option or not.

Let’s take a detailed look at the pros and cons of the IUD:

Advantages of IUD

  • One can enjoy uninterrupted sex.
  • A woman needs not to remember the time to take the pill.
  • It is very economical in comparison to other contraceptive measures.
  • Effects can be seen immediately after the placement of device. The couple needs not to wait for long to see the effectiveness.
  • Once the device is placed, the couple needs not to worry for the next five years. It is effective for five years.
  • The failure rate of IUD is only 1% to 2%.
  • There is no shift in the hormonal level. Thus, the side effects that are commonly encountered with birth control pills are not seen in the IUD birth control method.
  • Easy to use.
  • No complex maintenance involved. A woman just needs to check the strings once in a while.
  • When the woman takes it out, the fertility level returns instantly.
  • There are no side- effects of IUD.
  • The partner will remain unfazed of any knowledge regarding the placement of IUD.

Disadvantages of IUD

  • It offers no protection against HIV infection or other viral infections. For protection from infections, using condom is apt.
  • A woman cannot insert the device. She would need to go to a physician or a nurse or the placement and the removal of the device.
  • A woman might experience heavy and painful periods. This condition subsides in a few months.
  • The process of fitting the device might injure the uterus.
  • A woman gets susceptible to infections after the placement of the device.
  • If a woman gets pregnant even after the placement of device, this means that the device is not placed properly. It should be removed and placed in proper position.
  • Placement of an IUD also increases the susceptibility to pelvic inflammatory conditions which can also lead to sterilization.

IUD is very effective. If it is placed correctly and is maintained properly, it is highly effective. It is one of the safest modes of birth control. It has no major side effects and has a high success rate. If a woman is considering birth control, she must consider it.

Women's Health Info