Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
One of the major health problems that women across the world face is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). This problem affects the hormones, fertility, blood vessels, menstrual cycle, heart and appearance of a woman. Numbers have it that one in ten to one in twenty women are diagnosed with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Even the girls of 11 years of age might fall prey to this dreadful health issue.
What Is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS is a dreadful condition affecting the hormonal balance causing troubles in getting pregnant and in menstrual cycle. Many women who suffer from PCOS present with little cysts on ovaries. Hence, the name Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
If the condition is not corrected on time, it may lead to severe ailments like diabetes.
What Are The Causes OF Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?
The exact cause of PCOS is not very clear. The factors that may lead to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome are:
If mother or sister of a woman have PCOS, she is more likely to develop this condition.
• Hormonal Imbalance
When the ovaries of women produce more androgen hormone than the normal, it leads to PCOS.
• Insulin Levels
Some women who have PCOS present with higher levels of insulin. The increased levels of insulin lead to increase in production of androgen hormone.
What Are The Symptoms Of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?
The symptoms of PCOS can be different for every patient. Some common symptoms are:
• Irregular, infrequent or sometimes no periods.
• Infertility. PCOS is the commonest cause of infertility. It happens due to no ovulation.
• Hirsutism i.e., excessive growth of hair on the face, stomach, chest, back, toes and thumbs.
• Cysts on ovaries
• Weight gain, especially around the waist.
• Oily skin or acne
• Thinning of hair or male pattern baldness
• Skin tags- flaps of skin on neck area or armpits
• Thick and dark patches of skin on arms, neck, breasts or on thighs
• Depression or anxiety
• Pain in the pelvic region
• Sleep apnoea
Pregnancy And PCOS
A pregnant woman who has PCOS may experience:
• Gestational diabetes
• Premature delivery
• Pregnancy- induced hypertension
How Is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Diagnosed?
Diagnosis is done on the basis of medical history, thorough physical examination, a thorough pelvic examination, blood test and vaginal sonogram (ultrasound).
What Is The Treatment Of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?
• Birth Control Pills
Birth control pills are prescribed to the women who are not desirous of getting pregnant.
• Fertility Medications
Clomiphene (Clomid, Serophene), Metformin with Clomiphene and Gonadotropins are given.
• Anti- androgens
Spironolactone (Aldactone) or Finasteride are given. Anti-androgens are given along with birth control pills. These medications are contraindicated if a women in desirous to have a baby.
Ovarian drilling is the indicated surgery to treat Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Bariatric surgery may be indicated for obese women.
• Lifestyle Changes
There are a certain lifestyle changes that a woman should do to manage PCOS. The changes include:
a) Consuming whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables.
b) Saying no to sugar containing food and processed food.
c) Say no to smoking.
Women's Health Info
- Top Important Factors that can create Hurdles in a way of healthy Life
- How to Get Rid of Hemorrhoid Pain
- Would Cialis be able to Cure the PMS Cramps in Women?
- Natural Ways to Heal Your Gut
- Can Sex Cause Cardiac Arrest?
- Bone Tumor
- Natural treatment for Hidradenitis Suppurativa
- How to Get Rid of Blisters on Face
- What Health and Fitness are All About
- Home Remedies for Ligament Aches
- Disparities between Men and Women – Role of Heart Attack on Sexual Function
- Do You Understand Women
- Advantages and Disadvantages of IUD
- Home Remedies for Pilonidal Cyst
- How to Get Rid of Greasy Scalp
- Are We Really Progressing?
- Can Women Also Use Viagra?
- Wellbeing Of Mankind Lies With The Health Of Women
- General Precautions To Take During Pregnancy
- The Reasons Being Female Sexual Dysfunction
- Why No Woman Should Be Happy Being the “Side Chick”
- Bleeding Disorders
- Everything In Nature Is Beautiful
- Social Media Can Help
- Women’s Welfare In India
- What Should You Do Before Shaving Your Bikini Line
- Women’s Mental Health and Causes
- Exercise Tips for Busy Moms
- Health for Pregnant Mothers
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
- Health and fitness regimen for teenage girls
- Food For Thought
- It’s Time To Talk About Alcohol And Women
- Exploit Your Full Potential
- Insomnia among women – facts, diagnostics and treatments
- High weight in first pregnancy can cause trouble next time
- Tips and Precautions During Menstruation
- Modern Women, Better Watch Out
- 5 tips on how to stay young and beautiful
- The Importance of Women’s Health
- How to be healthy and fit after giving birth
- Products for health of women
- Migraines changes during pregnancy
- Achievable health and fitness goals
- Another vaccination is required who already received HPV vaccine
- Girls Beware
- Life on earth is tied together by Love
- Antirheumatic agents and Mazindol
- Basic exercises to do at home
- Health and fitness – be a stronger woman
- Female Viagra pills
- Ortho Tri-Cyclen